There are two main categories of vitamins commonly used: fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins. The fat-soluble vitamins include vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K. The water-soluble vitamins include the B vitamins, vitamin C and so on. Each of these vitamins plays a special nutritional and physiological role that cannot be replaced by other substances.1. Vitamin A
Vitamin A, also known as retinol, is a yellowish oil or crystalline, highly unsaturated fatty alcohol that protects the skin and mucous membranes and is measured in u. One unit of vitamin A is equal to about 0.3 micrograms. Most of the commonly used vitamin A products are chemically synthesized, including vitamin A alcohol, vitamin A acetate and vitamin A palmitate, etc., and vitamin A palmitate is mostly used in feed additives.
Vitamin D, also known as osteol or anti-rickets vitamin, is a class of active substances related to calcium and phosphorus metabolism in animals, which can promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the digestive tract of animals. There are various forms of vitamin D, of which vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 are the most important and commonly used. Vitamin D3 is mostly used in feed additives.
Vitamin E, also known as tocopherol, is a class of biologically active phenolic compounds, of which alpha-tocopherol is the most potent and most commonly used. Vitamin E can regulate the metabolic function of the cell nucleus, promote gonadal development and improve reproductive capacity. Vitamin E has the ability to absorb oxygen and is not very stable, but its stability can be improved by esterification. Vitamin E acetate is commonly used.
Vitamin K, also known as anti-bleeding vitamin, is a class of menaquinone derivatives. Vitamin K can promote the synthesis of thrombinogen to achieve normal blood clotting. Vitamin K has vitamin K1, vitamin K2, vitamin K3 and vitamin K4, etc. Feed additives mostly use vitamin K3, and general vitamin commodities mostly use the combination of vitamin K3 and sodium bisulfite, i.e. sodium bisulfite menaquinone.
Vitamin B1 is also known as thiamine, also known as anti-neurontin. Vitamin B1 can promote the metabolism of sugar and fat in the body, vitamin B1 mainly in the form of salt, generally thiamine hydrochloride is more commonly used.
Vitamin B2 is also known as riboflavin or vitamin oxytocin. Vitamin B2 is involved in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids in the body, and is a component of many enzymes in biochemical reactions in the body.
Vitamin B3, commonly known as pantothenic acid, is also known as the anti-dermatitis vitamin. Vitamin B3 is a component of coenzyme A, plays an important role in the metabolism of substances. Calcium pantothenate is mostly used in feed additives.
Vitamin B4, also known as choline, is a component of phospholipids, acetylcholine, but also methyl donor, involved in the metabolism of amino acids and fats, can prevent the production of fatty liver. Choline chloride is mostly used in feed additives.
Vitamin B5 is commonly known as niacin or nicotinic acid, also known as nicotinamide or nicotinamide. Vitamin B5 is a component of coenzyme I and coenzyme II, involved in redox reactions.
10. Vitamin B6
Vitamin B6 is the generic name for three pyridoxine derivatives: pyridoxal, pyridoxal and pyridoxamine. Vitamin B6 is a coenzyme in amino acid metabolism and is involved in the metabolism of proteins, sugars and fats. The commercial form of vitamin B6 is mostly pyridoxine hydrochloride, and feed additives mostly use pyridoxine hydrochloride.
Vitamin B11, also known as folic acid and vitamin M, is a combination of pterolic acid and glutamic acid. Vitamin B11 is involved in the metabolism of proteins and nucleic acids and can be used together with vitamin B12 and vitamin C to promote the formation of red blood cells, haemoglobin and antibodies.
12. Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12, also known as cyanogenic amin, is a chelate containing a cobalt atom and a cyanogenic group. Vitamin B12 is involved in the body’s protein metabolism, improving the utilisation of plant-based proteins, and is also essential for normal blood cell production.
Biotin is a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats, etc. It is also known as vitamin H. Commercial biotin is D a biotin, feed additives commonly used biotin H a 2 for containing 2% of D a biotin.
Vitamin C is also called ascorbic acid. Vitamin C is involved in the metabolic process of sugar, protein and mineral elements, enhance the body’s immunity and improve the activity of digestive enzymes. Feed additives commonly used vitamin C for L an ascorbic acid and stability of vitamin C polyphosphate.
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